Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is also a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available unfavorable PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or genuine. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Finally tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, couple options many similar sounds distinctive meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a mother nature herself. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which usually composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation cannot be related, the concept the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the unique way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds for example u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and issue. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a search amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming a helpful study plan. Her study revolves around the most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese personas.
The study finds that among very best twenty most often used strategies, eight pros are dealing with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is found in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Hearing the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are formerly increase learners’ understanding of the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the character already been used preceding.
12. Finding out how very good used in conversation.
13. While using character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the character could provide in words.
However, learning strategies tossing the second diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at duration.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. Due to sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed brand-new types of two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many instances.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the actual characters. Normal strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what they learned from what they read, 26% from the things they hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, a primary improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials they are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students the materials they are learning simply because they do something. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection is not characters come up with them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces comprehending. One way allow your this is actually using an app since The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters based on chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app bunches of more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user could add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing how to say hi in chinese the characters are usually employed in circumstance. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to assist the textbook and audio tracks conversation. Is actually interesting to that individuals studied in the abovementioned research were hesitant to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, because watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many reasons why you are this. The design and style of the shows or songs may not appeal on the learners.
Regarding this program is not quite as convenient. And even if the shows might be accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled either in both Chinese and English which would make the shows more necessary to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Television programs fall into the historical genre, which is often a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to example The Empress of Singapore. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is a bit more complex compared to a contemporary spoken Chinese.